Accelerator 3

Family Implementation of Positive Behavior Support for a Child with Autism

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The course requirements include only a featured article, final test, and evaluation. What could be easier??

Course ID: CEU AC3
1.0 hr Type 2 CEU

Featured Applied Research Article


Family Implementation of Positive Behavior Support for a Child with Autism

By Joseph M. Lucyshyn, Richard W. Albin, Robert H. Horner, Jane C. Mann, James A. Mann, Gina Wadsworth. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, Summer 2007; 9, 3; ProQuest Education Journals pg. 131

Abstract

This study examined the efficacy, social validity, and durability of a positive behavior support (PBS) approach with the family of a girl with autism and severe problem behavior. The study was conducted across a 10-year period beginning when the child was 5 years old. A multiple baseline across family routines design evaluated the functional relationship between parent implementation of a PBS plan and longitudinal improvements in child behavior and successful participation in routines. Daily indicator behavior data allowed us to assess generalized improvements in child behavior. An inventory of monthly community activities allowed us to assess changes in child quality of life. In addition, social validity and contextual fit were assessed. Results document that the intervention was associated with a 75% reduction in problem behavior, and that the effects were maintained across a 6-month to 7-year follow-up period. Associated outcomes included generalized improvements in child behavior and enhanced community activity patterns. Parents also rated the social validity and contextual fit of the approach highly. Results verify the efficacy and social validity of the approach and offer preliminary descriptive evidence of its durability. Contributions to the literature, implications, and future directions are discussed.

Key Features of the Study

Empirical research design across two real world contexts--home and community

Focused on improving and achieving family ecological validity

Researchers partnered with this family for 10 years

Parents of child diagnosed with severe autism and intellectual disabilities served as primary intervention agents

Severe and intense levels of challenging behavior were reduced to zero to near zero levels

Measured the durability of a multi-component PBS package that evolved as the child matured and developed

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Learning Objectives

Describe the multiple measures applied in this study in the home environment and community setting.

Identify two crucial strategies for a behavior analyst to apply in order to build the capacity of parents to serve as primary intervention agents.

Identify three potential limitations to gathering data in a community setting.

Describe two elements needed to develop durable behavior support plans that evolve with the target individual (either as they gain skills or mature).

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The end results have been wonderful, and by using the strategies and modifying them throughout the passage of time, our lives have blossomed and expanded in ways not thought possible before.” –Parent involved in the study

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